A new guide for designers encourages them to create products that stay in closed loops and business models that discourage waste.
When Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam replaced its lighting, it didn’t pay for the bulbs. Instead, the airport pays for light as a service–and Philips, which designed the system, is responsible for recycling or reusing anything that breaks.
It’s an example of the growth of circular design. Designers are traditionally part of the linear economy–creating products from raw materials that would eventually end up in a landfill.
But they’re beginning to consider the entire system and design products with materials that can be used in closed loops.